Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514
The Mediterranean: the Mare Nostrum as a border-region
   
 
 
Subscribe

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85
The_grin_of_the_politician_and_Italy_thrown_away_in_the wind_small.png


Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\components\com_k2\models\item.php on line 445

The Mediterranean: the Mare Nostrum as a border-region

 
Saturday, 12 January 2013 15:18
 
Rate this item
(2 votes)

 

 

by Nicolamaria Coppola
EPOS Insights

 

The proximity to Europe makes the Mediterranean an essential element for the security of the West in terms of economy and energy; notwithstanding, there are a lot of problems that affect the area, and everyone is the result of concurrent and parallel policies that exacerbate the conflicts among institutional, collective and individual actors, because of some regional and extra-regional subjects who are determined to pursue their own interests by every means at their disposal.

Over the past fifty years the Mediterranean has never been a geopolitical reality within the western system but only a border-region, where the continual local conflicts have increased the political and economic instability. The not well defined boundaries of the region are often turned it into an outlet of the pressure caused by the alternating play of the Cold War, and complicated by the dynamics of the relationship between the North and the South. Since then the Islamic world has decided to play a more active role, the area has become a powder keg, not only for the presence of oil-producing countries, but for the strategic relations between the Near and Middle East.

After the unchallenged dominance of the Atlantic Ocean for over three centuries of history, the Mediterranean is back now to play a central role in the geopolitical dynamics of the West: if at the geo-economic revivals of the Mare Nostrum (to be intended both as a "waterway" and as the first worldwide tourist destination with 250 million guests lying in the sun on the 46 thousand kilometers of coastline) we add the political reversals of the southern shore with, for example, the democratic election of Mohammed Morsi in Egypt, there is no doubt that this 2012 can be considered a Mediterranean-centric year.

Anyway, when there is a lot of talk about the Mediterranean, it is not easy to identify values which are universally shared and accepted; it should be able to go beyond the stereotypes – that are the result of speculation and literary references – to full understand the real situation of this area and to clearly describe the consequences of the dualistic dynamics between the two shores of the Mediterranean. Consequently, rather than a single model, it is appropriate to consider each individual homogeneous context for the achievement of a common code that can enhance diversity and fragmentation in their dynamic change. Neverthless, the internal divisions among the various political and socio-economical, as well as cultural and religious actors, tend to increase the perplexity, because the model proposed by the North shore is guilty of excessive euro-centrism, prone to the process of Westernization as a result of the current globalization.

Any attempt to stabilize and promote the development, and any effort to make secure the borders, require a multidimensional approach that is difficult to implement because of the intensification of the imbalances that are interwoven with the political-institutional, demographic, cultural and religious issues. They do not have very often a positive effect on the process of nation and statebuilding, whose realization gives Europe a definite role in stimulating the whole area of the wider Mediterranean. A first crucial element to solve the contrasts between the two shores of the Mediterranean is the running of the growing cross-border human flows  to emphasize, in spite of the current position of defense adopted by the European countries, the creation of an integrated labor market.

"Human flows" can be defined broadly to include not only "migrants" in the conventional sense – individuals who have permanently settled in a country other than their country of origin – but also short-term migrant workers, traders, tourists, businesspeople, educators, and students. It is important to use such an inclusive definition because we cannot assume that non-migrant movements are less important than those of conventional migrants. Each type of cross-border movement raises human security issues and presents challenges to host governments and communities. So, the convergence of projects and languages can ensure an effective coordination of the common heritage and enhance the cultural dialogue, using all the communication tools in a more balanced and not imperialistic way.

To do this, it is crucial the formation of the ruling class to stabilize the increase of production structures and social systems. Last but not least, it is important to consider the religious element of Islam, especially in its version of Islamism and fundamentalism, degenerations that are creating a strong identity to base on the aspiration for a political success.


Last modified on Saturday, 12 January 2013 15:41
Login to post comments
EPOS PARTNERS
Epos Audio Playlist
Open in new window
Epos Suggested Links