Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514
Egypt: after the revolution and the elections, what else?
   
 
 
Subscribe

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85
thinking_global.png


Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\components\com_k2\models\item.php on line 445

Egypt: after the revolution and the elections, what else?

 
Sunday, 22 July 2012 16:41
 
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Epos converses with Professor Ibrahim Awad

by Nicolamaria Coppola (EPOS)
EPOS Conversations

 

Nicolamaria Coppola - Mohamed Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate, is the first democratically elected President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. This result is an important step forward in the current political process of the country, but there are still many problems to be addressed. According to your opinion, Morsi's election is only a regime change or a structural change that will benefit Egyptians?

Ibrahim Awad - The election of Mohamed Morsi to the Presidency is certainly a major watershed in Egyptian contemporary history. It also is an important signpost in the process of setting up a new and representative political system that allows the best use of the country’s resources to the benefit of all its population. The process is not completed yet. It will take time and my end up in a system different to what is currently in place. But the election of President Morsi is already a significant departure from the system with which Egypt was ruled in the past several decades.

Nicolamaria Coppola - What role did the liberal voters play in Morsi's election?

Ibrahim Awad - It can be safely surmised that Mohamed Morsi was elected to the Presidency in the second round of elections with votes that had, in the first round, gone to him and to Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh, the independent Islamist candidate. A number of secular voters, belonging to liberal currents and to the left, had voted for Abul Fotouh in the first round. Even if all voters for Morsi and Aboul Fotouh were added up, they would fall short of the 51.5 per cent of votes with which Morsi was elected. This means that he also benefited from votes that had gone in the first round to secular candidates Hamdein Sabahi, Khaled Ali and Abul Ezz El Hariri. In fact, a good number of revolutionary youth, while not belonging to the Moslem Brotherhood constituency voted for Morsi because they categorically refused to see his competitor, Ahmed Shafik, elected to the presidency. The elimination of persons identified with the Mubarak regime took precedence over all other considerations. In sum, a section of liberal and left voters contributed to the election of president Morsi. This is a fact that he will have to take account of. Analysts should also include it in their evaluations.

Nicolamaria Coppola - Last June, Iran's Fars Agency said it spoke to Morsi a few hours before election results were announced and quoted him saying the two countries should get closer. Yasser Ali, a Mursi aide, told Reuters that there was never a meeting with the Iranian news agency Fars and what was taken as statements has no basis in truth. Western diplomats say in reality Egypt has little real appetite to change relations with Iran significantly, given the substantial issues the new President already has to face in cementing relations with regional and global powers. What do you think about it? Do you think that Egypt could become a deterrent against an Israeli attack as well as a regional player that Iran can use as a potential counter-balance against Turkey and Saudi Arabia?

Ibrahim Awad - It is difficult to imagine Egypt as a pawn, “used” by Iran or any regional actor. Even if debilitated, Egypt is a significant regional actor with interests and objectives of its own. In fact, the erosion of Egypt’s influence in the region and the demotion of its role were among the factors that brought down the Mubarak regime.  Egypt will either be absent from regional politics, as it currently is because of its internal problems, or it will play an autonomous role. This role does not mean ignoring the distribution of global and regional power and the concerns and objectives of the different actors. It will only mean that its interests and objectives will not be subservient to those of others. In this context, should not be expected to acquiesce to a possible Israeli attack against Iran. With regard to Saudi Arabia, a revived Egypt could play a conciliation and mediation role between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Relations between Turkey and Iran are not in a conflict situation. They normally include instances of cooperation and conflict.

Nicolamaria Coppola - The Muslim Brotherhood, whose Palestinian offshoot Hamas rules the Gaza Strip, is critical of Israel, which has watched the rise of Islamists and political upheaval in neighboring Egypt with growing concern. The Morsi Presidency what benefits could lead to the Question of Palestine and Gaza?

Ibrahim Awad - Hamas is part of the world Muslim Brotherhood movement. As such, it is close to the Egyptian Muslim Brothers, the initiators of the movement. But the logic of the state trumps that of any political party or movement, even if it is the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. The experience of the communist movement is eloquent in this respect. Therefore, Egypt should be expected to play a conciliatory role between the Palestinian Authority, in the West Bank, and Hamas, in Gaza.  Observing that Egypt distances itself from Israeli positions, the Palestinian Authority can make steps towards meeting Hamas in a middle ground. Because of their special ideological relations, Morsi can lean on Hamas to meet the Palestinian Authority in a middle ground. A Palestinian reconciliation is in the interest of a just settlement in the region. A just settlement benefits all parties, including Israel.

Nicolamaria Coppola - How do you think will be the relations between Egypt and the West?

Ibrahim Awad - A radical change in relations between Egypt, on the one hand, the United States, Europe and other components of the North Atlantic Alliance, on the other, should not be expected. The forms of these relations may be altered. The substance in relations over some issues of particular concern may be renegotiated. First and foremost are the Palestinian Question and other aspects of the Arab-Israeli conflict. But there also are security arrangements in the region and the questions of economic relations and of development. Much will depend on attitudes of the two parties to the relations.

Nicolamaria Coppola - Which new institutional equilibriums, which rights and duties will the new Constitution guarantee? What does Egypt need to complete its process of democratization?

Ibrahim Awad - The new Constitution is being negotiated at present. Sources of legislation and rights and freedoms are major bones of contention. Islamist parties, to varying degrees, wish to have the Islamic legal system, Shari’a, as the principal source of legislation and as the framework for the rights to be stipulated in the Constitution and for their exercise. Liberals and the left simply want the Constitution to protect the rights and freedoms provided for in the international bill of human rights. They wish to keep the 1971 Constitution provision on the principles of Shari’a as the principal source of legislation. This is the most likely solution, to which the Moslem Brothers will most likely adhere. Another major issue is guaranteeing the effective exercise of rights and freedoms. In a developing country such as Egypt, where a sizable portion of the population suffers from poverty and deprivation, the effective exercise of economic and social rights, such as the rights to education, health and housing acquire particular importance. Cultural rights are also a concern. The results of the presidential elections have revealed that no political or social current has on its own the majority that can enable it to impose its perspectives on society. Seen differently, distribution of power in society will not allow any current to keep adherents of other tendencies from exercising their rights and freedoms. The Constitution will have to recognize this fact and reflect it in its provisions. Otherwise, it will not survive.  The completion of the process of political transformation will depend on the time it takes to recognize and accept the distribution of power on the ground.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect EPOS WorldView’s editorial policy


Last modified on Tuesday, 05 April 2016 09:33
Login to post comments
EPOS PARTNERS
Epos Audio Playlist
Open in new window
Epos Suggested Links