Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 512

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\libraries\joomla\filter\filterinput.php on line 514
Death of al-Awlaki and Al Qaeda
   
 
 
Subscribe

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85

Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\modules\mod_random_image\helper.php on line 85
thinking_global.png


Warning: Creating default object from empty value in D:\siti\eposweb.org\eposweb.org\components\com_k2\models\item.php on line 445

Death of al-Awlaki and Al Qaeda

 
Tuesday, 11 October 2011 11:11
 
Rate this item
(0 votes)

 

 

by Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra (EPOS)
EPOS Insights

 

The killing of Anwar al-Awlaki, leader of Al Qaeda in Arab Peninsula, on 30 September 2011 emerged as a big jolt to the radical organization. The incident took place within five months of the killing of Osama bin Laden, the chief of Al Qaeda, in the Pakistani city of Abbotabad in May this year. While the killing of bin Laden weakened the organization as a whole, the killing of al-Awlaki will definitely weaken the organization in Arab world. Al-Awlaki, Al Qaeda leader with strong base in Yemen had emerged one of the most influential leaders of the organization. Many of the terrorist attacks or plans of attack in recent years in the West were inspired by him. Whether it was the Fort Hood shoot out in Texas in 2007, or the attempt to detonate a bomb in Detriot bound plane in 2009, or the Times Square incident of May 2010, all these incidents were inspired by the Yemeni cleric and Al Qaeda leader al-Awlaki.

Born in 1971 in New Mexico of the US al-Awlaki, son of a prominent Yemeni who later became Agriculture Minister of Yemen and Professor at the University at Sanaa, was highly educated and studied civil engineering at Colorado State University, education studies at San Diego State University and later did his doctoral work at George Washington University.  In 2000, he started preaching Islam at Dar al-Hijrah mosque in Virginia. During his preaching at this mosque he came into contact with two hijackers involved in the 9/11 terror attack. Gradually, he became closer to Al Qaeda, and after his return to Yemen in 2004, he started organizing radical activities. He was involved in the kidnapping of a Shiite Muslim teenager for ransom. He was arrested in 2006 for one year due to this kidnapping. After his release, al-Awlaki led the radical movement in Arab from his base in Yemen. He preached the methods of radicalism and violence, through his mouthpiece, Inspire, started in 2009 and operated by one of his American followers from North Carolina, Samir Khan, also killed along with al-Awlaki. He was considered to be one of the most dangerous leaders of Al Qaeda, who also ‘decreed’ that the followers have religious right to kidnap rich Yemenis and foreigners for ransom to fund radical activities. In fact, the sermons on al-Awlaki in English language in internet had a powerful and dangerous impact on religious extremism around the world. The Inspire magazine published articles with titles like ‘Make a Bomb in the Kitchen of Your Mom.’

Al-Awlaki was convinced that it was through religious radicalism and violence, many problems confronting human society can be resolved. His ideas were full of exclusivist tendencies, intolerance and hatred. Major Nidal Malik who killed 13 people at Fort Hood was, as revealed by terror probes, in contact with al-Awlaki and exchanged up to 20 emails with him. His destructive intelligence helped in proliferation of networks of Al Qaeda, and his preaching motivated many young disgruntled youth to join ranks of the radical organization in the West as well as in Arab world. The unsuccessful Detriot bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, a Nigerian, was inspired by al-Awlaki and was convinced by methods of violence. Reportedly, the day before the doomed attack, al-Awlaki was believed to be at a gathering of Al Qaeda figures in Shabwa mountains of Yemen. The Times Square incident plotter, Salim Shahzad had confessed that he was ‘inspired’ by the Yemeni cleric, and he was in email contact with him. Al-Awlaki was believed to be behind the mail bombs addressed to Chicago synagogues, but the packages were intercepted in Dubai and in some cities in Europe in October 2010.

As it may appear strange, the Western educated cleric emerged a strong critic of Western policies and society. His criticism of Western policies per se may not appear lethal as such, as an individual he may have right to have his perspectives, but his advocacy of violence and radicalism brought him to international light as a hard line Islamic leader. In March 2010 in one of his video tapes, he urged the American Muslims to launch attacks in the US. Strangely enough, he interpreted the Western intervention during the revolutions in recent months in Arab world in a very convoluted way. He supported the interventions not as precursors of democracy, or as precursor to regime change in these countries for the better of the people or for something else. He envisaged in these Western-supported revolutions the rise and proliferation of Al Qaeda and its values. Al-Awlaki was a strong critic of secular leaders of the region such as Hosni Mubarak, Ben Ali or Gaddafi, and criticized them as ‘scourge on the Ummah,’ and affirmed that in the post-revolution scenario “our mujahidin brothers in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and the rest of the Muslim world will get a chance to breathe again after three decades of suffocation.” He predicted that in the post-revolution scenario, ‘the great doors of opportunity’ will be ‘opening up for the mujahidin all over the world.’ He advocated a radical change and overthrow of these regimes so that a radical Sharia based rule can emerge in Arab. In his article titled The Tsunami of Change in Inspire in March 2011, he called Al Qaeda followers to join with rebels to topple these secular regimes towards establishment of radical orthodox regimes.

Al-Awalaki was targeted on many occasions since 2002 but he always escaped the attacks on his life. In 2007, he shifted to tribal areas of Shabwa in Yemen. He was the first American citizen to be put by the Obama administration in CIA target list in April 2010. Reportedly, he was killed by a Hellfire missile fired from a drone operated by the US intelligence. The killing of al-Awlaki will certainly weaken Al Qaeda further, and increase the tasks of its current leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri to sustain the organization and revive its old rigor, which may appear difficult at the present stage. However, it will be premature to predict that with the killing of al-Awlaki, the spectre of terrorism and religion based violence will come to an end.  Religious extremism and terrorism are more complex phenomena. Hence, they will need, besides state force and military power, a complex approach to be tackled with.



Dr Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra is part of the research faculty at the Centre for Central Eurasian Studies, University of Mumbai, India.

Last modified on Wednesday, 11 July 2012 13:36
Login to post comments
EPOS PARTNERS
Epos Audio Playlist
Open in new window
Epos Suggested Links